A lot of people are curious if Filipinos speak Spanish.
After all, the Philippines was at one point colonized by Spain (between 1565 and 1898), and Spanish was an official language until only very recently (1987).
There’s no doubt that the Spanish language and culture has left its mark on the Philippines.
But do Filipinos actually speak (or understand) Spanish today?
Can Filipinos understand Spanish?
The answer is no. Most Filipinos do not speak or understand Spanish, and the Filipino language is not close enough to Spanish for significant mutual comprehension (though there are many loan words from Spanish and some grammatical influence).
Only about 2-4% of the Philippines population are proficient in Spanish.
That’s around half a million Spanish speakers (out of a population of 110 million).
There’s also a Spanish creole in the Philippines called Chavacano, spoken by around a million people, and this is somewhat understandable by Spanish speakers.
What language do Filipinos speak?
People in the Philippines speak a language called Filipino which is an Austronesian language.
Filipino is not the same thing as Tagalog (though the two names are often used interchangeably). Tagalog is the language where Filipino is derived from but they are not the same thing.
Approximately 80% or more of the Filipino language is made up of Tagalog, but the rest is made up of European (English and Spanish) and other local influences.
Some Spanish words in Tagalog/Filipino
There are so many Spanish loan words in the Filipino language.
Here are some examples:
Spanish numbers are perhaps the most obvious example:
Months of the year
Obviously, there so many more words I could add here, but these should serve as good examples.
How Spanish came to (and left) the Philippines
The Philippines is an archipelago of 7,107 islands and there are over 120 languages that exist.
Prior to the arrival of Spanish in the Philippines, these hundreds of individual languages thrived, and Tagalog, which is where today’s Filipino language comes from, was on the island of Luzon.
Following Spanish colonization, the Spanish language became the lingua franca of the Philippines and eventually the nation’s official language. From the end of the 19th century onward, more than 60% of Filipino people spoke Spanish.
It wasn’t until the 20th century that American influence led to the prominence of English in the Philippines and diminished value of Spanish. Gradually, schools replaced Spanish with English.
Spanish was ultimately removed the Philippines constitution in 1987 after decades of American influence.
Is it possible to use Spanish exclusively in the Philippines today?
Not at all.
Since such a small amount of people in the Philippines actually speak Spanish, you’re not going to be able to achieve much trying to use Spanish to get around.
Especially outside Manila.
If you’re fortunate enough to meet the 4% of the local population who speak Spanish or the creole speakers, you might have some luck.
I recommend learning the Filipino language instead (try FilipinoPod101 if you’re looking for a good starting point).