Hebrew Numbers And Counting: Cardinal And Ordinal

  • Donovan Nagel
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Hebrew Numbers And Counting: Cardinal And Ordinal

Hebrew numbers are explained and outlined below.

In this guide, you’ll find convenient tables of Hebrew numerals, cardinal and ordinal numbers.

These are essential for most Hebrew language interactions, particularly if you’re buying, counting or describing something.

Hebrew numerals

Hebrew traditionally used what’s called an alphabetic numeral system to write numerals.

This quite simply meant that numerals were written using letters of the Hebrew alphabet.

In Modern Hebrew however, the Hindu-Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3… etc.) are used for most things, but in some contexts you may still see the alphabetic numerals being used.

See the following table for traditional Hebrew numerals:

Hebrew Numeral
א 1
ב 2
ג 3
ד 4
ה 5
ו 6
ז 7
ח 8
ט 9
י 10
יא 11
יב 12
יג 13
יד 14
י״ה 15
י״ו 16
יז 17
יח 18
יט 19
כ 20

Hebrew cardinal numbers

As mentioned above, Hebrew cardinal numbers are typically written using Hindu-Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3… etc.) in Modern Hebrew.

The other alternative to writing these numbers is to write the Hebrew name of the letter instead.

See the table below for a list of the most important cardinal numbers to learn.

Number Hebrew Pronunciation
0 אפס efes
1 אחת akhat
2 שתים shtayim
3 שלש shalosh
4 ארבע arba’
5 חמש khamesh
6 שש shesh
7 שבע sheva’
8 שמונה shmoney
9 תשע teysha’
10 עשר ‘eser
11 אחת-עשרה akhat-‘esrey
12 שתים-עשרה shteym-‘esrey
13 שלש-עשרה shlosh-‘esrey
14 ארבע-עשרה arba’-‘esrey
15 חמש-עשרה khamesh-‘esrey
16 שש-עשרה shesh-‘esrey
17 שבע-עשרה shva’-‘esrey
18 שמונה-עשרה shmoney-‘esrey
19 תשע-עשרה tsha’-‘esrey
20 עשרים ‘esrim
30 שלושים shloshim
40 ארבעים arba’im
50 חמישים khamishim
60 ששים shishim
70 שבעים shiv’im
80 שמונים shmonim
90 תשעים tish’im
100 מאה mey-a
1,000 אלף elef
10,000 עשרת-אלפים / רבבה aseret-alafim / revava
100,000 מאה-אלף mey-a elef
1,000,000 מיליון milyon

Hebrew ordinal numbers

What’s an ordinal number?

An ordinal number is usually used to describe position or rank (1st, 2nd, 3rd and so on).

There are many contexts in Israel or conversations with native Hebrew speakers where you might need to know ordinal numbers.

See the table below for reference.

English Hebrew
Masculine Feminine Pronunciation
1st ראשון ראשונה rishon / rishona
2nd שני שניה sheni / shniya
3rd שלישי שלישית shlishi / shlishit
4th רביעי רביעית revi’i / revi’it
5th חמישי חמישית khamishi / khamishit
6th ששי ששית shishi / shishit
7th שביעי שביעית shvi’i / shvi’it
8th שמיני שמינית shmini / shminit
9th תשיעי תשיעית tshi’i / tshi’it
10th עשירי עשירית ‘asiri / ‘asirit

Where to from here?

I often share helpful Hebrew content with Guild members (free to join).

You can join right here (make sure to select Hebrew as your target language).

Also, take a look at my favorite Hebrew (online) courses.

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Donovan Nagel
Donovan Nagel - B. Th, MA AppLing
I'm an Applied Linguistics graduate, teacher and translator with a passion for language learning (especially Arabic).
Currently learning: Greek
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