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Learn Spanish Numbers: How To Count To Over A Million In Spanish


Spanish numbers are easy!

Do you want to learn how to count in Spanish? Today I’ll teach you all the numbers in Spanish from 1 to a million (and more).

Okay, maybe not every number. 🙂

But I’ll show you how to calculate the bigger numbers easily as well as count from 1 – 100 in Spanish.

As an added extra, I’ll also show you tips on memorizing Spanish numbers and some awesome resources.

Sound good? Let’s start.

In a hurry? You can jump to the different sections here:

  1. Numbers 0 to 20
  2. Spanish number origins
  3. Numbers 21 to 29
  4. Tens in Spanish
  5. Ordinal numbers
  6. 100 to 1000
  7. 1000 to a million (and more)
  8. Tips for memorizing
  9. Best Spanish resources

 

Spanish numbers 0 to 20 (cardinals)

Are you here just looking for a quick reference of some basic Spanish numbers? No problem.

Here you’ll find a quick list of the numbers zero through twenty.

If you’d like the higher numbers or to learn more info, keep reading! 🙂

These are the Spanish numbers 0 to 20 for the impatient:

0 cero
1 uno
2 dos
3 tres
4 cuatro
5 cinco
6 seis
7 siete
8 ocho
9 nueve
10 diez
11 once
12 doce
13 trece
14 catorce
15 quince
16 dieciséis
17 diecisiete
18 dieciocho
19 diecinueve
20 veinte

The origin of Spanish numbers (and closely-related Romance languages)

Here’s a small Spanish word history (etymology) lesson for you.

Spanish belongs to a family of languages called Romance languages.

These are languages like French, Italian, Portuguese and Romanian which are all descended directly from Latin. Obviously, this goes back to the time when the Roman Empire was spread out all over Europe.

Here are the original Latin numbers (1 – 10) that they all derive from:

1 unus
2 duo
3 tres
4 quattor
5 quinque
6 sex
7 septem
8 octo
9 novem
10 decem

If you’ve heard Italian spoken, you’ve probably noticed how similar the words sound to Spanish – especially numbers.

Portuguese (being geographically so close) is probably the closest with a few slight differences.

French may sound less similar because the pronunciation is so different but when you see it written on paper, you can immediately spot the connection.

Take a look at these popular Romance language comparisons of numbers 1 – 10:

Spanish Portuguese French Italian
Uno Um Un Uno
Dos Dois Deux Due
Tres Três Trois Tre
Cuatro Quatro Quatre Quattro
Cinco Cinco Cinq Cinque
Seis Seis Six Sei
Siete Sete Sept Sette
Ocho Oito Huit Otto
Nueve Nove Neuf Nove
Diez Dez Dix Dieci

How does etymology help you learn Spanish?

Well it depends.

If you’ve already learned or been exposed to these linguistic cousins then you basically already know Spanish numbers (kind of!).

You could almost say that it’s just a matter of learning new pronunciation and spelling for the most part.

And if you decide to learn Italian or French after Spanish, you’re already most of the way there! 🙂

But even for monolingual English speakers who have never learned a foreign language – you’ve already encountered all of these Latin-derivatives in some form or another. For example:

Cuatro (quattor) -> quarter

Ocho (octo) -> octopus

Latin/French influence aside, English also shares common ancestry (Proto-Indo-European) so even our Germanic numbers bear close resemblance.

Cool, huh?

 

Spanish numbers from 21 – 29

The Spanish numbers 21 – 29 appear a little different to the higher ones (31 onward).

I’ll explain the other ones in a moment but just know this:

21 – 29 combine three words into one.

veinte + y + #

So instead of writing it out like this: veinti y uno, it’s just veintiuno.

This makes sense when you consider that it would basically sound identical in natural speech anyway.

21 veintiuno
22 veintidós
23 veintitrés
24 veinticuatro
25 veinticinco
26 veintiséis
27 veintisiete
28 veintiocho
29 veintinueve

So in terms of what you actually hear, there’s no difference really.

 

The tens in Spanish numbers

These are the tens units leading up to 100 in Spanish.

They’re very easy and 30 – 90 follow a clear pattern of ending in – i/enta.

10 diez
20 veinte
30 treinta
40 cuarenta
50 cincuenta
60 sesenta
70 setenta
80 ochenta
90 noventa
100 cien

From 30 onward, adding ones to these tens is really easy and straightforward. So, we’ll list them below but they’re quite repetitive as you can see.

All you have to do is take the tens (e.g. sesenta) and add ‘y‘ (and) + the ones (e.g. dos).

So for example:

sesenta y + tres = 60 and 3 = 63.

ochenta y + dos = 80 and 2 = 82.

cincuenta y + seis = 50 and 6 = 56.

Make sense?

Here you go:

31 treinta y uno 41 cuarenta y uno
32 treinta y dos 42 cuarenta y dos
33 treinta y tres 43 cuarenta y tres
34 treinta y cuatro 44 cuarenta y cuatro
35 treinta y cinco 45 cuarenta y cinco
36 treinta y seis 46 cuarenta y seis
37 treinta y siete 47 cuarenta y siete
38 treinta y ocho 48 cuarenta y ocho
39 treinta y nueve 49 cuarenta y nueve
51 cincuenta y uno 61 sesenta y uno
52 cincuenta y dos 62 sesenta y dos
53 cincuenta y tres 63 sesenta y tres
54 cincuenta y cuatro 64 sesenta y cuatro
55 cincuenta y cinco 65 sesenta y cinco
56 cincuenta y seis 66 sesenta y seis
57 cincuenta y siete 67 sesenta y siete
58 cincuenta y ocho 68 sesenta y ocho
59 cincuenta y nueve 69 sesenta y nueve
71 setenta y uno 81 ochenta y uno
72 setenta y dos 82 ochenta y dos
73 setenta y tres 83 ochenta y tres
74 setenta y cuatro 84 ochenta y cuatro
75 setenta y cinco 85 ochenta y cinco
76 setenta y seis 86 ochenta y seis
77 setenta y siete 87 ochenta y siete
78 setenta y ocho 88 ochenta y ocho
79 setenta y nueve 89 ochenta y nueve
91 noventa y uno
92 noventa y dos
93 noventa y tres
94 noventa y cuatro
95 noventa y cinco
96 noventa y seis
97 noventa y siete
98 noventa y ocho
99 noventa y nueve

Isn’t that easy?

NOTE: The rules change for numbers over 100. I’ll explain in a minute if you keep reading.

You’ll be counting to one hundred in Spanish in no time at all. 🙂

 

Spanish ordinal numbers (first, second, -th numbers, etc.)

Before I go on, I’m going to take a moment to introduce Spanish ordinal numbers.

The numbers I’ve shown you already are what’s called cardinal (aka normal) numbers. For example: one, two, three and so on.

Ordinal numbers are your ranking numbers (e.g. first, second, third).

Like the cardinal ones, they’re very easy to learn BUT there are some grammatical considerations to keep in mind which I’ll run through.

Here are the Spanish ordinals from 1 – 20:

1st primero
2nd segundo
3rd tercero
4th cuarto
5th quinto
6th sexto
7th séptimo
8th octavo
9th noveno
10th décimo
11th undécimo
12th duodécimo
13th decimotercero
14th decimocuarto
15th decimoquinto
16th decimosexto
17th decimoséptimo
18th decimoctavo
19th decimonoveno
20th vigésimo

Noticing any patterns here?

Just like in English, there are clear suffix patterns you can follow (and exceptions you just have to learn regardless).

It’s often confusing for learners of English to remember -st, -nd, -rd, -th and put them on the appropriate numbers.

The first two in Spanish: primero and segundo (1st and 2nd) are easy to remember.

Primero is related to primary and segundo actually sounds very close to second.

Tercero is a bit different since the letters switch around (but so does third in English!).

The others up until 11 are fairly straightforward to memorize but you’ll notice that 11 and 12 are different to 13 onward. 11 is literally one + ten and 12 is literally two + ten.

This changes at 13 however, which is literally ten + third and so on.

But again, if you compare this to English it’s not that far off. In English, eleven and twelve are very different to the other teens (e.g. we don’t say oneteen or twoteen!). 🙂

With ordinal numbers, just keep in mind that your numbers need to agree with the gender of the object you’re counting.

For example:

The ninth girl: la novena niña

The ninth boy: el noveno chico

Just like any adjective – the gender must agree (although, you can probably see that unlike other adjectives, ordinals come before the noun they’re describing).

 

Counting from 100 – 1000

From here on it just gets easier and easier! 🙂

100 is simple – just think cent+ury (take off the –ury). Just note that the -to ending is only used when counting.

For 200 – 900, you’ll notice that the main exception here is 500, which is spelled with a q (like the ordinal ones — see above) and drops the c.

700 and 900 have insignificant spelling variations too.

Don’t get hung up on spelling for exceptions like this. Just remember that it’s simply because quinientos is much easier and more natural to say than quincientos — it rolls off the tongue easier.

So, there’s an easily distinguishable pattern for the multiples of a hundred.

Number + (c)ientos.

100 cien (ciento)
200 doscientos
300 trescientos
400 cuatrocientos
500 quinientos
600 seiscientos
700 setecientos
800 ochocientos
900 novecientos
1000 mil

mil (1000) should be obvious as it’s used in English.

Going beyond this, you can then easily create other numbers by combining these multiples of a hundred with the numbers I taught you above.

So for example:

doscientos + sesenta y tres -> two hundred and sixty-three

novecientos + ochenta y cuatro -> nine hundred and eighty-four

IMPORTANT: Unlike English, you don’t need another and (y) between the hundreds and tens. Same goes for thousands.

So it’s literally: “nine hundred, eighty and four”.

Is that super easy or what? 🙂

 

Spanish numbers: 1000 right up to the millions

I already mentioned mil.

Easy.

From here on, it really is just a matter of combining everything you’ve learned so far.

Once you get the general patterns down, you’ll just have to practice saying long numbers until it becomes totally natural to you.

Here are the thousands up to 10,000:

1000 mil
2000 dos mil
3000 tres mil
4000 cuatro mil
5000 cinco mil
6000 seis mil
7000 siete mil
8000 ocho mil
9000 nueve mil
10000 diez mil

It’s pretty much the same logic as the hundreds but it’s actually even easier because the words don’t join together.

You just simply put the number before mil.

Follow or begin that with whatever combination of numbers you want (which I’ve shown you) but no alterations or exceptional spelling needs to be learned (yay!).

So the only other word I need to teach you is un millón -> can you guess what that means?

Yep. A million.

It works in pretty much the exact same way as mil except multiple millions are millones and ‘one million’ requires the article. So let’s take a big number a break it down:

sesenta y cinco millones quinientos ochenta mil cuatrocientos treinta y cinco

sesenta y cinco (sixty-five) + millones (millions) + quinientos ochenta (five hundred and eighty) + mil (thousand) + cuatrocientos (four hundred) + treinta y cinco (thirty-five)

65, 580, 435. 🙂

 

Tips for memorizing these and other vocabulary

Here’s some general advice that will help you retain Spanish vocabulary, including numbers.

The temptation is always to try and memorize them as lists.

This is intimidating to most people and frankly a terrible way to learn anything.

In fact, just looking at all these tables of numbers is probably making you think:

“How the heck am I going to remember all this?”

There are two things I want to advise you to do:

1. Familiarize yourself with patterns.

I’ve already pointed out several of them throughout this article.

Pay attention to suffixes and the flow of words that connect together. A good example is the one I mentioned above for combining tens and ones:

ochenta + y + dos (eighty + and + two)

Once the pattern becomes familiar to you, all other numbers that follow the same pattern will instantly make sense.

2. Focus less on the literacy aspect (reading and writing) and more on the sound flow

Spelling can be a real hindrance for new learners.

If you spend more time on the actual sounds themselves, you’ll pick these numbers up a lot faster than you will if you try to write them all out.

Take a number like veintiséis for example.

The written form of that number is intimidating, right? It looks hard.

But just listen to it for a moment.

It actually sounds just like the number that it is: twenty-six.

Spend less time trying to read and write and more time listening and ‘getting a feel for’ the numbers.

 

Best resources for learning Spanish numbers

There are so many great resources out there for learning Spanish.

You’ll find a pretty detailed list in on the Spanish resource page but in case you’re in a hurry, here are a couple of great ones:

SpanishPod101: If you like learning with podcasts, this is excellent.

It’s arguably one of the most popular platforms for learning Spanish these days and has a massive library of expanding content for Spanish learners. Best of all, it’s very affordable.

Rocket Spanish: This is one of the most comprehensive online courses for Spanish.

This is different to SpanishPod101 in that it offers a very structured, linear format taking you through each lesson from start to finish. For someone brand new to Spanish and an inexperienced language learner, it’s ideal.

More pricey definitely but a lot more overall value.

italki: Not for Spanish specifically but this is hands down the most useful tool available for finding conversation practice, tutors or teachers online.

Can’t travel to Spain or Latin America? No problem. Book an inexpensive session through italki (many are less than $10 per hour).

Glossika Spanish: This is a very unique platform that teaches Spanish fluency through spaced-repetition of sentences.

One of the most popular and innovative courses available today.

It’s available in both European Spanish and Latin American Spanish.


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