For such a small country, Portugal had a huge influence on the world through trade and colonialism.
Not only is it spoken natively by the Portuguese, but it’s the national language of the largest nation in South America too (Brazil).
Approximately 250 million people speak Portuguese natively around the world.
So it’s no surprise that so many people want to learn to speak it! There’s a seemingly endless amount of opportunities that Portuguese language proficiency can offer (think career, study and travel).
Brazil has always been a growing hotspot for tourism.
I receive emails all the time from people wanting to know the best way to start learning Portuguese.
Many of these are from people who have never learned a foreign language before but I also receive questions like this:
“I learned Portuguese in school but I’ve forgotten everything. How can I learn it again?”
The truth is, if you learned it in school but forgot everything then there’s a good chance you never learned it well in the first place!
Whether you’re a first-time learner or a repeat learner, today’s post will help you get started learning Portuguese.
UPDATE: I highly recommend this Portuguese course for anyone starting out with Portuguese (it’s the most comprehensive one I’ve used).
Decide if you want to learn European or Brazilian Portuguese
There are two main ‘types’ (if you can call it that) of Portuguese (and lots of small regional variations).
European (Portugal) 🇵🇹 and Brazilian (Brazil) 🇧🇷.
Read our guide on the differences between European and Brazilian Portuguese if you want some examples.
Before you do anything, decide which variation you want to learn as this will help inform your decisions going forward.
There’s no better choice either - both are great! Just choose whichever interests you the most.
The one thing you must have in order to learn Portuguese
Any language endeavor must start with the right motivation.
If you plan to succeed at speaking Portuguese then you have to ask yourself why you want to learn Portuguese in the first place.
Here’s a tip from my own experience:
If your sole reason for learning Portuguese is that you’re “just interested” then you’ll almost certainly fail.
Why do I say that?
Because interest is the one of those factors that come and go. Most of us have these periods where we’re highly interested in a pursuit and then days, weeks or months later, we’ve moved on to something else.
Here are some solid reasons to learn Portuguese:
- You need it for a career.
- You’re moving to Portugal or Brazil.
- You have a Portuguese-speaking partner and want to communicate with his/her family.
- You’re undertaking a course with a component that requires you to learn Portuguese.
Why are these motivators better than ‘interest’?
One word: necessity.
Necessity is the most important motivator you could ask for – when we need a language, we’ll do whatever it takes to learn it.
The other point worth adding here is the importance of accountability.
Make sure to let people know that you’re pursuing the Portuguese language – let it be public knowledge that you’re on a mission to learn the language. Tell friends and family.
Let those closest to you keep you accountable.
“Hey, how’s your Portuguese coming along?”
Questions like this will keep you on the ball and prevent you from quietly giving up.
Compile your list of available Portuguese language resources
Now that we’ve addressed your motivation for learning Portuguese, let’s tackle resources.
Assess the landscape.
Before you can start learning, you need to have a bigger picture of what’s available at your fingertips.
Whenever I start learning a new language, I always spend a few days doing solid research on all the products (e.g. books) and courses that have been made, reading reviews to see what works, and getting an idea for the methodology of the materials.
The good AND bad news about Portuguese is that the market is absolutely flooded with resources.
There is so much out there for learning Portuguese (in contrast to other languages)!
While this is great to hear because you’re not limited in any way, it can also be highly stressful because it’s hard to know which resources are high quality and which ones aren’t.
It really depends on your learning style.
So compile a list and categorize that list: a simple document with columns where you place resources into respective categories.
For example, you might have a “Grammar” category and list some of the best resources you’ve come across for learning Portuguese grammar. This might include online courses, free websites/blogs or books.
Then you might have another column just for “YouTube”, and in this column place some of the most useful YouTube channels you’ve come across for learning Portuguese.
One helpful tip: an inexpensive phrasebook (preferably with audio) is often the best tool you can invest in. I use Berlitz but there are others.
There’s also a musical phrasebook called Earworms (Rapid) Portuguese that I’ve recommended many times in the past (basically a phrasebook with a catchy music track that forces words and phrases to get ‘stuck’ in your head).
Hint: Check out Turma Da Monica, which is an easy-to-read comic in Brazilian Portuguese and great for learning new vocab and expressions.
There are so many options out there! 🙂
You just have to take time to research in the beginning and that time will pay off.
Make a short list of everything you’d need to have a basic conversation in Portuguese
Now that you’ve got your list of resources, it’s time to learn.
Take my advice: go back to your original motivation and use that to guide you on what content you need to hone in on.
Obviously it goes without saying that as a total beginner, you need to get the most essential Portuguese words and phrases under your belt first. These are the items that you’ll cover at the beginning of any phrasebook or conversational course.
Just a few common examples:
Oi! – Hello.
Como está? (or Tudo bem?) – How are you?
Chamo-me… – My name is…
Prazer – Nice to meet you.
Como se diz … em português? – How do you say … in Portuguese?
Não entendi – I don’t know (or I don’t understand).
You get the idea.
Most of these you’re probably already familiar with. Even native English speakers who have never studied Portuguese are generally familiar with many terms and expressions without realizing it.
You’ll need to cover these basics in order to start having simple, introductory conversations.
So take some time just to go over some phrasebook expressions to build a foundation for more fruitful conversations.
Now, I mentioned going back to your original motivation.
This is key.
If you’re learning Portuguese for, let’s say, business, then you don’t want to waste a lot of time learning content for tourism or family.
Some of it will overlap and still be relevant but it’s not an efficient use of your time and focus. You should be honing in on the Portuguese content that matters most to you.
For me personally, I want to be able to talk about language learning and my kids.
So I’d write out a list of predictable conversations and expressions that I would need in order to talk about these things.
“I have two kids.”
“My son is 18 months old and my daughter is 1 month old.”
“I am learning Portuguese.”
“I also speak Arabic, Russian, Irish and Korean.”
This list would be much longer and put into categories so I can easily reference them. I’d then spend time going over phrase and course books to find the conversation content matter that is relevant and useful to these dialogues.
But what if the dialogues you find in your resource list don’t cover the exact content you need?
Well this leads me to my next point.
How to find a Portuguese teacher or conversation partner online
If you’re living in an area where there are plenty of Portuguese speakers or friends who you can practice with, then take advantage of it! 🙂
But most people don’t have that luxury.
If you’re able to connect with people in your area then it’s the next best thing to living abroad in a Portuguese-speaking country. Many places in the US are ideal for this.
Places like North Bay Village, Florida and Framingham, Massachusetts have huge Brazilian communities, and there are many other such places around the country.
For those of you who are genuinely unable to find practice partners and teachers to give you Portuguese lessons, listen up.
I use an amazing tool called italki.
It’s an incredible online community that can easily connect you with teachers all over Portugal and Brazil so you can learn at home at a time that suits you.
The best part is: most of the Portuguese conversation partners and teachers are extremely inexpensive (I’m talking less than $10 an hour).
If you can’t travel and you have no opportunities nearby then make an account at italki and set up a 30 minute trial lesson with a few different teachers.
That way you can immediately put to use the dialogue list you created in the last step and help get those custom dialogues (relevant to your situation) made and practiced.
Here are some vital tips for finding the right teacher or practice partner:
- They should only speak Portuguese. No English. If they keep trying to explain everything in English then they’re not doing their job properly. PORTUGUESE ONLY.
- They won’t jump ahead and try to cover too much, too quickly. You want a teacher who is patient and moves at YOUR pace. Not theirs.
- High repetition of a small amount of content. Make sure they repeatedly and continually use the same content until you’ve grasped it completely before moving on.
Remember that you control the session. You’re the one paying.
It’s not good complaining later on that your teacher is terrible – make sure you’re getting plenty out of each session and don’t be afraid to pull the plug to find someone else.
You don’t need to study Portuguese grammar to learn to speak Portuguese
That sounds totally counterintuitive I know.
I’ve been teaching people for years how to improve their language learning and this has always been the most contentious point I make.
I’ve gone into great detail about this before (see here) but to sum it up: studying grammar rules in order to speak is a very unnatural, robotic way to learn.
It’s frustrating, tedious and causes many people to give up (I don’t blame them!).
Languages should be thought of as building blocks – we can learn Portuguese naturally in whole chunks.
For example, take something as simple as “Tudo bem?” (how are you?).
You don’t learn this expression in pieces – you learn it as a whole. Even before you know how to conjugate Portuguese verbs or understand Portuguese pronouns, you learn that whole expression as it is.
With the first language you learned (I’ll assume English), you learned how to speak before learning its grammar.
In fact, grammar is something we study much later on in life to help us refine our literacy skills.
I’ve learned multiple languages to spoken fluency without studying grammar – just through lots of repetition of phrases and collocations (Glossika Portuguese is a great resource for this).
It’s also more fun, more practical and more effective overall.
Grammar will naturally start to come together on its own and you’ll start to recognize patterns over time.
Read here for more details on this.
Improve your Portuguese listening comprehension – listen, listen, listen
If you want to learn Portuguese, listen to the language constantly.
Whatever your situation and wherever you live, you should make it your mission to be surrounded at all times by the sounds of Portuguese.
Music, TV, movies and most importantly, Portuguese native speakers.
The best way to learn Portuguese is to surround and immerse yourself at all times.
Listen to the language even when you don’t understand what’s being said. The goal is for Portuguese to become totally audibly familiar to you. It’s about familiarity.
Even when you’re not “studying”, just listen.
In the same way that songs get stuck in your head when they’re on repeat, Portuguese will start to as well.
For more ideas and tools, visit my Portuguese resources page here.
You can also see my full breakdown of all online Portuguese courses (best and worse).
Got any tips for people wanting to learn Portuguese?
Share them below.